Cathedral of Toledo
The Cathedral constitutes part of the complex labyrinth of this Mudejar city as one building
more. Only from a site a little bit farther and high, the imposing splendour of this monument can
be appreciated. Its main façade is constituted by a great tower and a smaller one crowned by a dome
that also work as a frame for the three big gateways: El Perdón -the Absolution- (in the middle);
El Juicio Final -the Last Judgement- (at the tower) and El Infierno -The Hell-.
The main gateway was designed by Alvar Martínez at the end of the 14th century and beginning
of the 15th century. It is a vast arch with archivolts in which jambs the apostles are represented
and a tympanum that exhibits the Cathedral’s coat of arms which is the Virgin giving the chasuble
to St. Ildefonso. “El Juicio Final” gateway was the first to be built and shows a representation of
the Last Judgement. “El Infierno” entrance is ornamented with vegetable motifs.
At the end of the 18th century, the cathedral façade was renovated by architect Eugenio
Durango. “El Reloj” –the clock- front, at the transept, is the most ancient one of the cathedral
and dates from the 14th century. It stands out for a magnificent tympanum distributed into four
sections of figurines that represent the Annunciation, the Nativity, the Adoration of the Magi, the
Massacre of the Innocents, the Escape to Egypt, the Circumcision, Jesus and the Doctors of the
Temple, the Presentation, the Baptism, the Marriage at Cana and the Death of the Virgin. The back
transept front is called “Los Leones” –the Lions- where wonderful sculptures can be seen: Virgin
Mary at the mullion and the disciples at the jambs.