The construction was promoted by the consul Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and possibly opened in 16-15 BC. It is one of the most spectacular monuments of the city and since 1933 it houses the Festival of Classical Theatre, so it recovers its original purpose.
It shows the cavea (the terraces), with a capacity for six thousand spectators; the orchestra, a space reserved for the choir, the stage or pulpitum; and the scaenae frons or front stage, one of the most beautiful views of the theatre. It features two sections of Corinthian columns with marble base and entablature, adorned with sculptures between the columns. There are three doors, a central one called “valva regio” and two side ones called “valvae hospitalia”.
Behind the stage there is a garden with a Peristyle (like a pergola). The theatre has undergone several alterations, the most significant one took place at the end of the 1st century, possibly during Emperor Trajan rule, when the current stage front was constructed, and the other one between the years 330-340.