Pantheon of the Duchess of Sevillano
The Pantheon of the Duchess of Sevillano is a large Greek cross groundplan building, which exterior
is decorated with a Lombard-Romanesque style, with a great profusion of ornamental and construction
resources pertaining to this kind of art. It has a hemispheric dome with ceramic roof-tiles and on
top of that there is an enormous ducal crown.
The entrance door looks to the north. Its great height is obtained at the expense of raising
the temple’s pavement over the mortuary crypt which, instead of being underground, was built at
The temple’s entrance stairway allows the visitor to go up into the church floor and then go
down up to where the crypt is, thus creating the same effect as if you were entering a
beyond-the-grave world while, in fact, you are always at ground level.
The door as well as the windows and especially the cornice details, with its modillions
joined by arches containing metopes, make us evoke that Central European style. It was built with
white stone from Novelda and offers only one body of great walls, closed in their lower half and
with large windows in the upper half, also with semi-circular and twin-like arches, decorated with
vegetable-motif columns and capitals.
But it is inside where the beauty of the building is stressed. It is the perfect
architectonic space, religious environment and permanent surprise, all at once. It makes us feel as
if in a religious place with a Byzantine influence. The space of the crypt, covered by a
breathtaking flat dome, is upholstered by white-stone walls where black gravestones with the carved
names of the founder’s relatives, appear.