Church of San Juan de Almería
The Church of San Juan de Almería was built on the masonry of the Great Mosque of Almedina, works
on which started in 965 AD by order of the caliph Alhaquem II. It had seven naves and its
architecture was very similar to that of the Cordovan Mosque. The most important nave, the Mihrab,
pointed towards Mecca and was ornamented with stucco (plaster, water, cement with chalk and marble
powder) resembling marble. The terrible earthquake of 1522 partially destroyed the Mosque and the
current church of San Juan was built on its ruins in the 17th century. The followers of the Spanish
2nd Republic destroyed it again during the Civil War (1936), yet it has been restored again.