Alcazaba of Almería
The Alcazaba fortress of Almería is located on an isolated hill dominating the bay, in Calle
Almanzor in the La Chanca district. Its 1000-year-old history is linked with that of the city,
together with its events of splendour and decline, making it a privileged witness of time
overlooking the bay.
In 955 AD, Abd-ar-Rahman III, first caliph of Al-Andalus, gave the category of medina to the
settlement of Almería and ordered the building of the Alcazaba, the Major Mosque and the urban zone
between the Alcazaba and the seashore. The Alcazaba was raised on the ruins of an ancient fortress
and, acting as a safeguard, the city became the most important port of Al-Andalus and the
headquarters of the Ommayad fleet and admiral. Muslim documents recognise Almería as the best
trading point of Islamic Spain. The port was visited not only by traders arriving from Egypt and
Syria but also by Christians from France and Italy. The streets were crowded by traders and
travellers and the collected taxes far exceeded those of any other seaport.
The Alcazaba was refurbished in the 11th , 12th, 15th and 16th centuries. It is considered,
in second position after the Alhambra, the largest Islamic building and the most symbolic monument
in Spain with its walled perimeter of 1,430 metres. This construction shows three different parts:
two Islamic zones and a Christian one.